The author of my latest book of the month has been on my radar for a number of years. She was the winner of the 2014 Commonwealth Short Story Prize and her debut novel, Kintu, has been widely praised. The fact that it has taken me so long to get her is probably due to fact that her novels are often talked about as sagas that deal with national history. Having read such a book as my original choice for Uganda back in 2012, I suppose I felt no hurry to read another novel in a similar vein.
I was wrong. From the moment, I started The First Woman, I was hooked into the coming-of-age story of Kirabo, a girl struggling to find a sense of self in the turbulent years during and following Idi Amin’s dictatorship.
Nansubuga Makumbi is an exceptional writer. Drawing on Ganda oral storytelling traditions and myths, her prose shimmers with energy, urgency and fun. There is an extraordinary directness to her descriptions that at times had me gnawing my fists with envy at her talent. From the scornful teenagers whose ‘eyes were slaughter’ and the wealthy student ‘driven everywhere as if he had no legs’ to the neighbour so forbidding that ‘if you saw her coming while you peed by the roadside, you sat down in your pee and smiled’, the characters in this novel leap off the page by virtue of its author’s vibrant writing.
Funny but never caricatured, they reveal multiple sides as the plot plays out. Indeed, one of Nansubuga Makumbi’s many strengths is the way she plays with psychic distance (a concept neatly explained on writer Emma Darwin’s brilliant blog) to reveal the inconsistencies and hypocrisy threaded through human thought.
Culture clashes are a central theme. As Kirabo navigates her way between rural and urban worlds, European and Ganda traditions, and past and present, the narrative sparks off myriad insights. For British readers, the reflections on the ‘disruption of Ganda time’ by colonial rule – which, among many other things, reduced the three-day weekend to two days and imposed the 24-hour clock – may be particularly interesting. Take this description of the protagonist’s efforts to reconcile the two systems:
‘Kirabo had even learnt to balance her mind at that precarious edge where she saw time in its natural, Ugandan mode but articulated it in the upside-down English mode. At first, it had felt schizophrenic as her mind computed ten hours of day but she said four in the afternoon.’
The novel’s discussion of the mechanics and power of storytelling is similarly thought-provoking. Indeed, the book contains some of the most memorable explanations I’ve read of how narratives can be used to acquire wealth and influence, and to subjugate others. ‘Stories are critical,’ as family friend Nsuuta tells Kirabo towards the end of the novel. ‘The minute we fall silent, someone will fill the silence for us.’
Nowhere is this more true than when it comes to the novel’s exploration of feminism, or mwenkanonkano in Kirabo’s mother tongue, Luganda. Although many of the issues and struggles portrayed will be familiar to readers in the global North, Nansubuga Makumbi presents a much more holistic, embodied consideration of women’s attempts to assert themselves than many will be used to. Women’s physicality is frankly discussed and menstruation even has a hand in shaping the plot – an approach that feels quite different to that of the more familiar, often rather dry and cerebral, Anglo-American feminist manifestos. The book also throws up some fascinating thoughts on intersectionality and the ways different kinds of privilege and history divide us.
As with all ambitious stories, the book presents some challenges. Perhaps the biggest for Anglo-American readers will be the cultural differences that may make a few of Kirabo’s decisions hard to understand. Chief among them is the fact that, having never met her mother, she resists the temptation to ask her family about her, preferring instead to try witchcraft and put posters up around her school appealing for information. Nansubuga Makumbi does an excellent job of elucidating the power dynamics of the clan system (using the ingenious ploy of having older members explain many of the intricacies to children), but there are moments where this reticence and respect for elders risks feeling a little too much like a plot device. (Although this may be more of a insight into the limitations of this reader’s imagination than any failing of the novel.)
Good writers offer insights into other places and situations. Great writers offer insights into other minds. Jennifer Nansubuga Makumbi is a great writer. I’m just sorry it took me so long to read her.
The First Woman by Jennifer Nansubuga Makumbi (Oneworld, 2020)
Picture: ‘After the Rainforest, Uganda’ by Rod Waddington on flickr.com
Again I´m full of gratitude for your monthly discovery and recommendation. I´m so happy that I “found” you some years ago, you inspired me to so many great books and of course to also “read the world”.
Ansd it´s a great pleasure to read your comments, your precise descriptions combined with the reflecting of the place from where you subjectively comment. Thanks a lot! From Germany Elisabeth Klug
My pleasure. Thank you, Elisabeth. Happy reading!
It was a pleasure reading something so familiar. Nansubuga is a name from central Uganda (Buganda region, to be precise). I think I will get this book. Thank you, Ann, for bringing it to my attention.
Yes. If I remember rightly the village in the novel is in Buganda. I hope you enjoy it!
What a small world…I was looking into this author last weekend, in hopes of reading a book from a Ugandan author. Even though I chose Elizabeth of Toro, the Odyssey of an African Princess, an autobiography, I now might read this new suggestion as well. Thank you for sharing!
What a coincidence. I hope you enjoy your choice (and that you manage to try this!).
Outstanding review. I am not familiar with Uganda, but am with Malawi. I’ll will be buying this one. Thank you.
Excellent! Thanks. Hope you enjoy it.
I likes African authors. Thanks for sharing this Ann.
I absolutely loved Kintu, it was my Outstanding Read of 2018 and I’m now savouring The First Woman which looks to be just as good. I just love her writing and her reclaiming of the past, immersing into her culture’s storytelling tradition, bringing it to the world.
Thanks Claire. Kintu is on my list!